Text for History, Gazetteer & Directory of Cumberland, 1847 - Page 256

Is bounded on the east by Northumberland, on the north by Eskdale \Vard,
on the west by the parish of Ainstable, and on the south by the river
Croglin, which gives name to the parish, and which is said to be derived
from two British words, Carey, a rock, and Lyn, water. It is about six miles
in length from east to west, and two milel:'l in breadth, containing 5534
acres of land, a great part of which is a mountainous region, including
the lofty eminence called Croglin Fell, which contains 2287 acres. Coal
is found in the parish in considerable quantities, but it is rather of an in·
ferior quality. Limestone, red freestone, and a bastard marble, or a species
of porphyry, some of which is very black and some veined with white, are
also found here; and groltSe abounds on the fell. The arable land has a.
heavy cold red sandy soil, and the principal crops are barley, oats, and
turnips. The parish consists of two manors or townships, viz., Croglin and
Newbiggin, and in 1841, contained a population of 336 souls. The prin­cipal
land owners are general \Vyndham, Revd. John Jackson, and John
.Jameson, Esq. of Penrith.
CROGLIN VILLAGE is situated in a. deep vale on the N. side of the river,
five miles N.N.E. of Kirkoswald, and twelve miles W. by N. of Alston.
The manor anciently belonged to the family of Hastings, from whom it has
passed to the \Vhartons, of Wharton Hall, \Vestmorland, and was sold by
the trustees of the duke of \Vharton, to Charles, duke of Somerset, from
whom it descended to general Wyndham, of Cockermouth Castle, "son to the
late earl of Egremont. The clturclt, dedicated to Saint John the Baptist, is
rectorial, in the patronage and incumbency of the Rev. John Jacksontwho
purchased the advowson of Wm. Clarke, Esq. The church i:J very small,
and the living is valued in the king's books at £8. but it is now worth up·
wards of £200. per annum, arising from 600 acres of land, allotted in lieu
of tithes, at the inclosure of the commons, in 1 808. The s('hool here was
endowed with the interest of £50. given in 1723, by the Rev. Thos. Hunter,
rector of the parish, and twenty acres of land allotted at the enclosure of the
commons. Although the estate at one time let as high as £24. a year, it
now lets for only £II., for which -e.ll the children ·of the parishioners are
entitled to instruction in reading, writing, and arithmetic, on the payment of
a. small quarterage. Four bibles are distributed annually to the poor, from
lord Wharton's charity; and the interest of £20. left in 1793, by Thomas
Threlkeld, is paid to the poor of the parish. Near the village are the remains
of an old border stronghold, called &arromanwick.
NEWBIGGIN is a small village and township on the north side of the
parish, containing 2028 acres, l I mile north by west of Croglin, and eight
miles south by east of Brampton. . It forms a small manor belonging to the
earl of Carlisle.
2 1               

History, Gazetteer & Directory of Cumberland, 1847

640 total pages